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Mathura
 
Mathura
 

Mathura is a city in the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located approximately 50 km north of Agra, and 145 km south of Delhi; about 11 kilometers from the town of Vrindavan and 18 kilometers from Govardhan. It is the administrative centre of Mathura District of Uttar Pradesh. During the ancient period, Mathura was an economic hub, located at the junction of important caravan routes.

Mathura is the birthplace of Lord Krishna at the centre of Braj or Brij-bhoomi, called Shri Krishna janma-bhoomi, literary 'Lord Krishna's birth place'. The Keshav Dev temple was built in ancient times on the site of Krishna's legendary birthplace (an underground prison). As per the epics Mahabharata and Bhagavata Purana, Mathura was the capital of the Surasena Kingdom, ruled by Kamsa the maternal uncle of Krishna.

Mathura is also famous as one of the first two centres of production for images of the Buddha, the other being Gandhara in present-day Pakistan and Afghanistan. Human images of the Buddha began to appear at approximately the same time in both centres in the 1st Century AD but can be distinguished from one another as the Gandharan images are very clearly Graeco-Roman in inspiration with the Buddha wearing wavy locks tucked up into a chignon and heavier toga-like robes. The Buddha figurines produced in Mathura more closely resemble some of the older Indian male fertility gods and have shorter, curlier hair and lighter, more translucent robes.

Tourism

Tourism is still in development stage in the city. There are many place of Historic and Religious importance to visit in Mathura and its neighbouring towns. Most of them are linked with Hindu heritage. There is no commercial airport in Mathura. However, Mathura is driving distance from Delhi and Agra, both of which are on India's air map.

Major tourist sites in Mathura

* Krishnajanmabhoomi
* Jai gurudev Ashram
* Dwarikadheesh Temple
* Durvasa Rishi Ashram
* Kans Tila
* Sri Keshavji Gaudiya Matha
* Vishram Ghat, a bath and worship place on the banks of river Yamuna is the main ghat in Mathura, central to 25 other ghats.
* Rangeshwar Mahadev Mandir
* Bhooteshwar Mahadev Mandir
* Mathura museum

 
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    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathura
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