Indian holidays
Indian Holidays
 
Home  |  About Us  |  Forum   |  Tour Packages  |  Contact Us  
 
 
 
 
Orissa Culture
 

The official language of the state, spoken by the majority of the people is Odia. Odia belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family, and is closely related to Bengali and Assamese. A few tribal languages belonging to the Dravidian and Munda language families are still spoken by the Adivasis (original inhabitants) of the state. The state has a very opulent cultural heritage, one of the richest in India. The capital city of Bhubaneshwar is known for the exquisite temples that dot its landscape. The famous classical dance form, Odissi originated in Odisha. Contemporary Odisha has a proud cultural heritage that arose due to the intermingling of three great religious traditions – Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The culture of the Adivasis (the original inhabitants of India) is an integral part of modern Odia heritage.

Dance

Odissi or Orissi dance and music is classified as a classical music of India.Odissi is the oldest surviving dance form in India on the basis of archaeological evidence. Odissi has a long, unbroken tradition of 2,000 years, and finds mention in the Natyashastra of Bharatamuni, possibly written circa 200 BC. However, the dance form nearly went extinct during the British period, only to be revived after India's independence by a few Gurus, such as Guru Deba Prasad Das, Guru Mayadhar Raut, Guru Pankaj Charan Das, Guru Mahadev Rout, Guru Raghu Dutta, and Guru Kelu Charan Mahapatra. Odissi classical dance is about the love of Krishna and his supposed consort Radha, mostly drawn from compositions by the notable Odia poet Jayadeva, who lived in the twelfth century AD.

Ghumura Dance (or Ghumra Dance) is one of the most sought and leading folk dance form in Odisha. It is classified as folk dance as the dress code of Ghumura resembles more like a tribal dance, but recent researchers argue different mudra and dance form present in Ghumura bear more resemblance with other classical dance form of India. The timeline of Ghumura dance is not clear. Many researchers claim it was a War dance in ancient India and used by Ravana in Ramayana. Ghumura dance is depicted in Sun Temple of Konark confirming this dance form is since the medieval period. In the 'Madhya Parba" of "Sarala Mhabharata" Ghumura has been mentioned as: 'Dhola Madala Gadi je Ghumura Bajai Ghumura je Ghumu Ghumu Hoi Garajai'

In Chandi Purana mentions: 'Biratwara Biradhola Daundi Ghumura Kadamardala Bajanti Mari Galatura'

Ghumura was also used as a Darbari dance in the princely state of Kalahandi and played by the earstwhile Kalahandi state during war times. The typical mixed sound that comes out of the musical instruments like Ghumura, Nishan, Dhol, Taal, Madal etc. and the expressions and movements of the artists make this dance to be a "Heroic Dance". Since thousands of years Ghumura dance has evolved from a war dance to a dance form for cultural and social activities. The dance is associated with social entertainment, relaxation, love, devotion and friendly brotherhood among all class, creed and religion in the present days. Traditionally this dance is also associated with Nuakhai and Dasahara celebration in Kalahandi and large parts of South Western Orissa. Ghumura dance is still hidden in the village level in South Western Odisha and some parts of bordering Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. Kalahandi region has taken a leading rule in popularizing and retaining its unique identity of Ghumura dance. Kalahandi is mainly known as land of Ghumura. Ghumura dance has got the opportunity to represent the nation in various international events Delhi, Moscow, Kolkata, and various other cities in India. Ghumura dance is also one of the most researched folk dance form in Odisha.

Chhau dance (or Chau dance) is a form of tribal martial dance attributed to origins in Mayurbhanj princly state of Odisha and seen in the Indian states of West Bengal, Jharkhand and Odisha. There are three subtypes of the dance, based on the original places where the subtypes were developed. Seraikella Chau was developed in Seraikella, the administrative head of the Seraikela Kharsawan district of Jharkhand, Purulia Chau in Purulia district of West Bengal and Mayurbhanj Chau in Mayurbhanj district of Odisha. Mahari Dance is one of the important dance forms of Odisha and originated in the temples of Odisha. History of Odisha provides evidence of the 'Devadasi' cult in Odisha. Devadasis were dancing girls who were dedicated to the temples of Odisha. The Devadasis in Odisha were known as 'Maharis' and the dance performed by them came to be known as Mahari Dance.

It was during the reign of Chodagangadeva, Maharis were employed in the temples of Puri. After Chodagangadeva's death, Ananabhimadeva built Natyamandapa in the Jagannath temple for the dance performances inside the temple. Moreover, in those days, the Mahari dancers belonged to different categories namely, the 'Nachunis' (dancers), the Bahara Gauni, the Bhitara Gauni and the Gaudasanis.

The Mahari Dancers of Odisha are supposed to follow certain restrictions, such as:

* They cannot enjoy.
* They should dance on the ceremonies connected to Jagannath.
* They should adhere to the specifications made by the Sastras.
* They must always wear clean cloths.
* The dancer cannot be physically handicapped.
* At the time of the performances, the dancers are not supposed to look at the audience.
* The Maharis are married to the Lord at the age of nine.
* Before their performances, the Mahari dancers pay their obeisance to the Lord.

In Odisha, one can also come across another type of Mahari dancers, who are known as 'Samarpada Niyoga'. The duty of the 'Samarpada Niyoga' is to dance during the ceremonial procession of the deities. These dancers perform during the Ratha Yatra, Jhulana Yatra, Dola Yatra, etc.

The Western Odisha has also great variety of dance forms unique to Odisha culture. The children's verses are known as "Chhiollai", "Humobauli" and "Dauligit", the adolescent poems are "Sajani", "Chhata", "Daika", "Bhekani" : the eternal youth composes "Rasarkeli", "Jaiphul", "Maila Jada", "Bayamana", "Gunchikuta" and "Dalkhai", The work-man's poetry comprises "Karma" and "Jhumer" pertaining to Vishwakarma and the "Karamashani" deities. The professional entertainers perform Dand, Danggada, Mudgada, Ghumra, Sadhana, sabar – Sabaren, Disdigo, Nachina – Bajnia, Samparda and Sanchar. They are for all occasions, for all time with varieties of rhythm and rhyme.

Pala is a unique form of balladry in Odisha, which artistically combines elements of theatre, classical Odissi music, highly refined Odia and Sanskrit poetry, wit, and humour. The literal meaning of pala is turn. It is more sophisticated than the other Odia ballad tradition, Daskathia. Pala is presented in three ways. The names can be mentioned as baithaki or `seated`, in which the performers sit on the ground throughout. The other one is thia or `standing`. This is more popular and aesthetically more satisfying, in which they stand. Badi is a kind of thia in which two groups vie for excellence. This is the most entertaining, as there is an element of competition.

Gotipua dance is another form of dance in Odisha. In Odia colloquial language Gotipua means single boy. The dance performance done by a single boy is known as Gotipua dance, When decadence and declination came in to Devadasi or mahari tradition due to various reasons this Gotipua dance tradition evolved as sequel as these performance were practiced to please the gods. It is totally unknown that when exactly this danced form came in to practice. Still some historians say that this dance tradition appears to have originated during the region of Prataprudradev (1497 AD to 1540 AD) and gained popularity in the subsequent Muslim Rule. Ray Remananda the famous Vaishnavite Minister of King Pratapruda and ardent follower of Sri Chitanya is the originator of this boy dancing tradition, As Vasishnavs were not approving of the females in to dance practices so it possible that the dance tradition must have come after Sri Chaitanya came to Odisha. The Gotipua Dance Tradition is now seen in the village Raghurajpur situated 10 km away from Puri town, situated on the banks of river Bhargabi. It is otherwise known as the Crafts Village as various Odia handicrafts’ craftsmen reside in this village contributing their expertise in Patta Painting and other handukrafts.

Prince Dance Group, a dance group based in Berhampur, Odisha, India led by Krishna Mohan Reddy. It has won a reality show India's Got Talent on an Indian TV channel "Colors" The group is unique that the members are from a remote part of India and most of them are from disadvantaged sections of different parts of Ganjam district. Two of them, Padmanabha Sahu (24) and Telu Tarini (13) are physically challenged. They have won the hearts of all Odias, including chief minister Naveen Patnaik, and even outsiders with their performance in the programme "India's Got Talent". The group, comprising 26 artistes held the audience and the judges engrossed with their act from the mythological Mahabharata and Vande Maataram.

Music

Sixteenth century witnessed the compilation of literature on music. The four important treatises written during that time are Sangitamava Chandrika, Natya Manorama, Sangita Kalalata and Gita Prakasha. Odissi music is a combination of four distinctive kinds of music, namely, Chitrapada, Dhruvapada, Panchal and Chitrakala. When music uses artwork, it is known as Chitikala. A unique feature of Odia music is the Padi, which consists of singing of words in fast beat.

Being a part of the rich culture of Odisha, its music is also as much charming and colorful. Odissi music is more than two thousand five hundred years old and comprises a number of categories. Of these, the five broad ones are Tribal Music, Folk Music, Light Music, Light-Classical Music and Classical Music. Anyone who is trying to understand the culture of Odisha must take into account its music, which essentially forms a part of its legacy. In the ancient times, there were poets who wrote the lyrics of poems and songs that were sung to rouse the religious feelings of people. It was by the eleventh century that the music of Odisha, in the form of Triswari, Chatuhswari, and Panchaswari, underwent transformation and was converted into the classical style.

Folk music like yogi gita, kendara gita, dhuduki badya, prahallad natak, palla, sankirtan, mogal tamasa, gitinatya, kandhei nacha, kela nacha, ghoda nacha, danda nacha and daskathia are popular in Odisha.

Almost every tribal group has their own distinct song and dance style.

Structural art

Other cultural attractions include the Jagannatha Temple in Puri, known for its annual Rath Yatra or Car Festival, the unique and beautiful applique artwork of Pipili, silver filigree ornamental works from Cuttack, the Patta chitras (palm leaf paintings), famous stone utensils of Nilgiri (Balasore) and various tribal influenced cultures. The Sun temple at Konark is famous for its architectural splendour while the 'Sambalpuri textiles' equals it in its artistic grandeur.The saree of Odisha is much in demand throughout the entire world. The different colors and varieties of sarees in Odisha make them very popular among the women of the state. The handloom sarees available in Odisha can be of four major types; these are Ikat, Bandha, Bomkai and Pasapalli. Odisha sarees are also available in other colors like cream, maroon, brown and rust. The tie-and-dye technique used by the weavers of Odisha to create motifs on these sarees is unique to this region. This technique also gives the sarees of Odisha an identity of their own.

Sand Art

A unique type of art form was developed at Puri, but it has spread all over the world. To carve a sand sculpture, the raw material is clean and fine-grained sand mixed with water. With the help of this type of sand and by the magic of fingers, an artist can carve a beautiful and attractive sculpture on the beach. Sudarshana Pattanaik is one of the major world class artist in this sculpture.

Although not historically proved, there is an interesting story in the Odia myths regarding the origin of sand sculpture: " Poet Balaram Das, the author of Dandi Ramayan was a great devotee of Jagannath. Once during Ratha Yatra (Car Festival), he tried to climb the chariot of Jagannath to offer his prayer. He wasn't allowed by the priests of the chariot to climb it and was also insulted by them. With great frustration and humiliation he came to the beach (Mahodadhi) and carved statues of Jagannath, Balabhadra and Devi Subhadra on the golden sand.

Religion

The majority of people in the state of Odisha are Hindu and there is a rich cultural heritage in the state owing to that faith. For example, Odisha is home to several Hindu figures. Sant Bhima Bhoi was a leader of the Mahima sect movement. Sarala Dasa, an adivasi, was the translator of the epic Mahabharata in Odia. Chaitanya Dasa was a Buddhistic-Vaishnava and writer of the Nirguna Mahatmya. Jayadeva was the author of the Gita Govinda.

The Orissa Temple Authorisation Act of 1948 empowered the Government of Odisha to have Hindu temples open for all Hindus including the Harijans.

The Supreme Lord of Odias is Jagannath (a form of Krishna.) His popularity has made it even into the Muslim community, There are Muslims that accept Him as their savior and are revered by people of Odisha as His great devotees. Lord Shiva has also had major impact on Odisha as Odisha itself in ancient and medieval times was known as Kalinga (linga indicating the fire form of Lord Shiva.)

Perhaps the oldest Scripture of Odisha is the Madala Panji from the Puri Temple believed from 1042 AD. Famous Hindu Odian Scripture includes the 16th century Bhagabata of Jagannatha Dasa. In the modern times Madhusudan Rao was a major Odia writer, who was a Brahmo Samajist and shaped modern Odia literature at the turn of the 20th century.

 
Indian holidays enquiry
 
 
 
 
 
Orissa Top Searches
Beaches - Baleshwar | Balighai | Chandipur | Gopalpur | Paradeep | Puri | Konark
Wildlife Sanctuaries - Simlipal | BhitarKanika | Nandan Kanan | Chilika | Nandankanan Satkosia Gorge | Sunabeda
Main Travel Places - Anantagiri Hills | Konark | Cuttack | Rourkela | Balasore | Bhawanipatna | Bhubaneshwar | Chandipur | Puri | Chilika Lake
Paradip | Brahmapur | Koraput | Sambalpur | Udaygiri Khandagiri
 
 
South Indian Holidays
> Kerala Holidays
> Karnataka Holidays
> Goa Holidays
> Tamil Nadu Holidays
> Andhra Pradesh Holidays
> Lakshadweep Holidays
> Andaman & Nicobar Islands
> Pondicherry or Puducherry
> Other Travel Destinations
> South India Tour Packages
North Indian Holidays
> Rajasthan Holidays
> Delhi Holidays
> Himachal Pradesh Holidays
> Jammu & Kashmir Holidays
> Uttaranchal Holidays
> Punjab Holidays
> Haryana Holidays
> Uttar Pradesh Holidays
> Other Travel Destinations
> North India Tour Packages
West Indian Holidays
> Mumbai Holidays
> Gujarat Holidays
> Madhya Pradesh Holidays
> Other Travel Destinations
> West India Tour packages
East Indian Holidays
> Assam Holidays
> Tripura Holidays
> Sikkim Holidays
> West Bengal Holidays
> Orissa Holidays
> Other Travel Destination
> East India Tour Packages
 
 
India Top Searches
Beaches - Kovalam | Anjuna | Varkala | Baga | Mahabalipuram | Lakshadweep Islands | Andaman Islands | Marina Beach | Juhu
Hill Stations - Munnar | Ooty | Kodaikanal | Tawang | Shimla | Srinagar | Manali | Shillong | Gangtok | Gulmarg | Coorg
Nainital | Kufri | Dalhousie | Ladakh | Almora | Mount Abu | Mahabaleshwar | Mussoorie
Monuments - Tajmahal | Redfort | Charminar | Qutub Minar | Sanchi Stupa | Gateway of India | Jantar Mantar | Fatehpursikri
Gwalior Excavations | Ajanta & Ellora Caves | Humayun Tomb | Lotus Temple | Meenakshi Temple | Konark Sun Temple
Forts - Red fort | Jaisalmer Fort | Amber Fort | Agra Fort | Gwalior Fort | Nahargarh Fort | Kumbhalgarh Fort | Mehrangarh Fort
Aguada Fort | Junagarh Fort | Jaigarh Fort | Tughlaqabad Fort | Kangra Fort
Palaces - Umaid Bhawan Palace | Lake Palace | Udaipur City Palace | Lalgarh Palace | Mysore Palace | Hawa Mahal
Jal Mahal | Jahaz Mahal | City Palace Jaipur
Wildlife Sanctuaries - Periyar | Ranthambore | Gir | Kanha | Corbett | Bandhavgarh | Bandipur | Kaziranga | Keoladeo Ghana | Pench
Pilgrims - Guruvayoor | Kailash Mansarovar | Palani | Thirupathi | Velankanni | Puttaparthi | Dharamshala | Golden Temple
Amritapuri | Bodhgaya | Ayodhya | Varanasi | Somnath Temple
Main Cities - Jaipur | Bangalore | Hydrabad | Delhi | Agra | Cochin | Chennai | Kolkata | Madurai | Khajuraho | Kanpur
Rishikesh | Hampi | Thanjavoor | Thiruvananthapuram | Mumbai | Ahmedabad | Pune | Thane | Bhopal
Lucknow | Nagpur | Surat | Vadodara | Indore | Patna | Ludhiana | Coimbatore | Vishakhapatnam
     
   
    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orissa
Indian holidays
Copyright @ indianholidays.org. All right reserved.
Design By iTruth.biz          Powered By SEO