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Tughlaqabad Fort
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Tughlaqabad Fort is in the outskirts of Delhi, aloof and secluded from public view. Very less remains of what once was a intimidating fort. The red stone fort was commissioned by Tughlaq emperor, Sultan Giyas-ud-Din Tughlaq in the year 1321 and was completed in the year 1325. It's very strange that a fort of such denomination as this was completed in just 4 years. This fort was build as a part of Tughlaqabad city, which is considered the 3rd city in Delhi of the sultanate era. The primary reason for building this fort was the then prevailing political and social unrest. The Mongols were on the rampage in the central Asia and were attracted to Delhi because of the stories about its grandeur, which at times were grossly exaggerated. They were doing heavy attacks on the Northwestern boarder of the sultanate and the outposts were finding themselves incapable to cope with the onslaught.

This political instability made Giyas-ud-Din build a fort which was invincible and thus came Tughlaqabad in to existence. You can pretty well understand now that it was the pressing time which forced Tughlaq to build this fort in such a short span of time. A high raised part of the southern-ridge was selected for its construction. A raised platform was built as its plinth to provide it additional height. The fort is blessed with massive ramparts and bastions, which was built, keeping in mind the Mongol onslaught. The height of rampart varies from 15 to 30 meters from its base itself. If you include the height of plinth and ridge then it comes to be whooping 50 to 70 meters. The walls are the thickest you can find in any of the forts in India. At places it is 35 feet thick, but generally varies between 15 feet to 25 feet at most of the places. Surely it speaks volumes about the might and grandeur of the Sultanate.

Within these high walls you can still find ruins of, double-storied bastions and massive assault towers. Besides it had numerous palaces, a grand mosque and meeting courtyards. The main city was on the eastern side of the palace. The other major attraction is the tomb of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq, the man who built the city. It was built by the emperor himself in the year 1328. You will have to walk down towards the southern end of the fort to find this tomb. The tomb, enclosed in a courtyard which has high raised walls, is a masterpiece of the fusion architecture of Afghanistan and Central Asia. This invincible was never conquered by the marauding Mongols but it lost the battle against the nature. The city was abandoned within 5 years of its establishment due to the severe lack of water on the ridge.

 
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