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Patna
India: Culture | Cuisine | Cinema | Sports | Festivals | Ayurveda | Yoga | Tourism
 

Patna is the capital of Bihar. Patna is the centre of political activities of Bihar as well as the commercial hub of Bihar. The famous sacred GANGA RIVER flows west to east across it. Patna's most remarkable Mahatma Gandhi Setu is built upon the Ganges, which is one of the longest bridges in the world at 7.5 Km, crosses the Ganges 5 Km west of the city centre. Patna is pretty densely populated. Patna's most significant monument is the Gol-Ghar which is a huge grain storage and was built in 1786 by John Garstin at the behest of the then administrator, Warren Hastings, in the hope of avoiding the repetition of the terrible famine in 1770. March of the every year is very special to Patna due to the Patliputra Mahotsava which makes Patna very live and people enjoys a lot. Parades, sports, dancing, music programmes are arranged at this time. Patna is an important business centre of eastern India. Also it is a gateway to the Buddhist and Jain pilgrimage centres of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodhgaya and Pawapuri. This shows that Patna not only played an important part culturally but also spiritually. Patna is one of the major business center in eastern parts of India. Apart from attracting business class people the city of Patna also invites a lot of tourists to the city because it acts as a gateway to the world famous Buddhist and Jain pilgrimage centers.

Attraction

Martyr's Memorial : A memorial to seven freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives in the Quit India Movement of August 1942, the Martyr's Memorial is a modern sculpture facing the Secretariat, where they were shot in their attempt to host the national flag.

Golghar : Alarmed by the famine of 1770, captain John Garstin built this huge granary for the British army in 1786. The massive structure is 29 m high and the walls are 3.6 m wide at the base. The winding stairway around this monument offers a brilliant panoramic view of the city and the Ganga flowing by.

Har Mandir Takht : Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, was born in 1660 in Patna. The Har Mandir Takht, one of the four sacred shrines of the Sikhs, stands at this holy site. The original temple was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, and contains belongings of the Guru and Sikh holy texts.

Patna Museum : The Patna Museum houses a First World War cannon, metal and stone sculptures of the Mauryan and Gupta periods, Buddhist sculptures and quaint terracotta figures. A 16 m long fossilised tree is one of its special features.

Pathar ki Masjid : Adjacent to Har Mandir Sahib, on the bank of the Ganga, is this beautiful mosque built by Parwez Shah, son of Jehangir, when he was the governor of Bihar. It is also called Saif Khan's mosque, Chimmi Ghat mosque and Sangi Masjid.

Sher Shah Suri Masjid : Sher Shah Suri built this mosque in 1545 to commemorate his reign. Built in the Afghan architectural style, it is one of the many beautiful mosques in Bihar, and one of the impressive landmarks of Patna.

Khuda Baksh Oriental Library : Founded in 1900, a magnificent one man collection of rare Arabic and Persian manuscripts, Rajput and Mughal paintings, oddities like the Koran inscribed in a book only 25mm wide and an assortment of old and new books from the University of Cordoba, Spain. It is one of the national libraries in India. The library also contains the only books to survive the sacking of the Moorish University of Cordoba in Spain.

Jalan Museum
: Built on the foundations of Sher Shah's fort, Qila House contains an impressive private collection of antiques, including a dinner service that once belonged to George III, Marie Antoinette's Sevres porcelain, Napoleon's four-poster bed, Chinese jade and Mughal silver filigree,.It is a private collection, and prior permission is required for a visit.

Sadaqat Ashram : The Ashram is the headquarters of Bihar Vidyapeeth, a national university. India's first president, Dr. Rajendra Prasad lived here after his retirement and there is a small museum here showcasing his personal belongings.

Agam Kuan : Agam Kuan (Unfathomable well) is one of the most important early historic archeological remains in Patna. It is situated just close to Gulzarbagh railway Station, which is proposed to be associated with the Mauryan Emperor Ashok.

Gandhi Setu : Asia's longest roadway bridge.

Padri Ki Haveli : The Place were Mother Teresa got her training.

Biological Park : Also known as Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park.

Modern Planetarium : Indira Gandhi Science Complex, is one of the must visiting places in Patna. This is among few Planetarium's (Taramandal) in India.

Kumhrar : Kumhrar, site of the ancient city of Patliputra, lies 5 kms from Patna railway station. Archaeological findings in this area establish Patna's claim to over a thousand years of political glory - 600 BC to 600 AD. Very little of this grandeur remains though, except for the remains of a huge Mauryan hall supported by 80 sandstone pillars dating back to 300 BC.

 
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