Indian holidays
Indian Holidays
 
Home  |  About Us  |  Forum   |  Tour Packages  |  Contact Us  
 
 
 
 
Jaisalmer Fort
India: Culture | Cuisine | Cinema | Sports | Festivals | Ayurveda | Yoga | Tourism
 

Jaisalmer Fort is one of the largest forts in the world. It is situated in Jaisalmer city in Indian state of Rajasthan. It was built in 1156 AD by the Bhati Rajput ruler Rawal Jaisal, from where it derives it name. The fort stands proudly amidst the golden stretches of the great Thar Desert, on Trikuta Hill and had been the scene of many battles. Its massive yellow sandstone walls are a tawny lion color during the day, turning to a magical honey-gold as the sun sets and camouflages the fort making it appear a part of the picturesque yellow desert. Thus, it is also known as the "Golden Fort". The famous Indian film director Satyajit Ray wrote a detective novel and later made it into a film — Sonar Kella (The Golden Fortress) which was based on this fort. During the medieval times, the city played a major role in the trade with Persia, Arabia, Egypt and Africa. The fort contains 3 layers of walls. The outer or the lower layer is made out of solid stone blocks and it reinforces the loose rubble of Trikuta Hill. The second wall, i.e. the middle wall snakes around the fort. From the inner most or the third wall, the Rajput warriors used to hurl boiling oil and water, and massive round blocks of rock as missiles on the enemies when they got trapped between the second and the third walls. The defensive mechanism of the fort is even more enhanced by the 99 bastions of the fort. Of these, 92 bastions were built between the period of 1633-47. Ala-ud-din Khilji attacked and captured the fort in the 13th century and managed to hold it for 9 years. It was during the seize of the fort, the Rajput women committed Jauhar. The second battle at the fort happened in 1541, when Mughal emperor Humayun attacked the fort city. This is the world's only living fort and about a quarter of city's population live in the fort. At one point of time the entire population of Jaisalmer used to live within the fort; but with the increase in the population, people was forced to move out and find shelter under the foot of the Trikuta Hill. However, since the British rule, due to the rise of sea trade and growth of the port of Bombay, the city went through a major economic recession. After the independence and partition of India, the ancient trade route was totally closed and thus sealed the fate of the city. However, the strategic importance of Jaisalmer was revealed during the 1965 and 1971 wars between India and Pakistan.

Major Attractions

Raj Mahal (Royal palace), Jain temples, Laxminath temple, 4 massive gateways.
Merchant Havelis: These are large houses often built by wealthy merchants in Rajasthani towns and cities in North India, with beautiful, ornate sandstone carvings. Some havelis are many hundreds of years old. In Jaisalmer there are many elaborate havelis carved from golden sandstone. Some of the most famous have many floors and countless rooms, with decorated windows, archways, doors and balconies. Some havelis are today museums but most in Jaisalmer are still lived in by the families that built them. Among these is the Vyas haveli which was built in the 15th century, the descendants of which still occupy the building. Another example is the Shree Nath Palace which was once inhabited by the Prime Minister of Jaisalmer, and you are invited to stay in these rooms – there are only five available for the hotel – and join the Vyas family in enjoying this architectural treasure. Some of the doors and ceilings are wonderful examples of old carved wood from many hundreds of years ago.

 
Indian holidays enquiry
 
 
 
 
 
South Indian Holidays
> Kerala Holidays
> Karnataka Holidays
> Goa Holidays
> Tamil Nadu Holidays
> Andhra Pradesh Holidays
> Lakshadweep Holidays
> Andaman & Nicobar Islands
> Pondicherry or Puducherry
> Other Travel Destinations
> South India Tour Packages
North Indian Holidays
> Rajasthan Holidays
> Delhi Holidays
> Himachal Pradesh Holidays
> Jammu & Kashmir Holidays
> Uttaranchal Holidays
> Punjab Holidays
> Haryana Holidays
> Uttar Pradesh Holidays
> Other Travel Destinations
> North India Tour Packages
West Indian Holidays
> Mumbai Holidays
> Gujarat Holidays
> Madhya Pradesh Holidays
> Other Travel Destinations
> West India Tour packages
East Indian Holidays
> Assam Holidays
> Tripura Holidays
> Sikkim Holidays
> West Bengal Holidays
> Orissa Holidays
> Other Travel Destination
> East India Tour Packages
 
 
Top Searches
Beaches - Kovalam | Anjuna | Varkala | Baga | Mahabalipuram | Lakshadweep Islands | Andaman Islands | Marina Beach | Juhu
Hill Stations - Munnar | Ooty | Kodaikanal | Tawang | Shimla | Srinagar | Manali | Shillong | Gangtok | Gulmarg | Coorg
Nainital | Kufri | Dalhousie | Ladakh | Almora | Mount Abu | Mahabaleshwar | Mussoorie
Monuments - Tajmahal | Redfort | Charminar | Qutub Minar | Sanchi Stupa | Gateway of India | Jantar Mantar | Fatehpursikri
Gwalior Excavations | Ajanta & Ellora Caves | Humayun Tomb | Lotus Temple | Meenakshi Temple | Konark Sun Temple
Forts - Red fort | Jaisalmer Fort | Amber Fort | Agra Fort | Gwalior Fort | Nahargarh Fort | Kumbhalgarh Fort | Mehrangarh Fort
Aguada Fort | Junagarh Fort | Jaigarh Fort | Tughlaqabad Fort | Kangra Fort
Palaces - Umaid Bhawan Palace | Lake Palace | Udaipur City Palace | Lalgarh Palace | Mysore Palace | Hawa Mahal
Jal Mahal | Jahaz Mahal | City Palace Jaipur
Wildlife Sanctuaries - Periyar | Ranthambore | Gir | Kanha | Corbett | Bandhavgarh | Bandipur | Kaziranga | Keoladeo Ghana | Pench
Pilgrims - Guruvayoor | Kailash Mansarovar | Palani | Thirupathi | Velankanni | Puttaparthi | Dharamshala | Golden Temple
Amritapuri | Bodhgaya | Ayodhya | Varanasi | Somnath Temple
Main Cities - Jaipur | Bangalore | Hydrabad | Delhi | Agra | Cochin | Chennai | Kolkata | Madurai | Khajuraho | Kanpur
Rishikesh | Hampi | Thanjavoor | Thiruvananthapuram | Mumbai | Ahmedabad | Pune | Thane | Bhopal
Lucknow | Nagpur | Surat | Vadodara | Indore | Patna | Ludhiana | Coimbatore | Vishakhapatnam
     
   
     
Indian holidays
Copyright @ indianholidays.org. All right reserved.
Design By iTruth.biz          Powered By SEO